New research on older adults in the US finds that being unemployed, experiencing multiple job loss and even going for short periods without work is tied to a greater risk for heart attack compared with no job loss. The researchers suggest people who suffer multiple job losses have a risk for heart attack that is on a par with smoking.
There is lots of evidence that unemployment is a major source of strain, something that is affecting a growing number of adult Americans.
However, there has been little research on how the build up of multiple job loss and being out of work affects the risk of having a heart attack.
For their analysis, Matthew E. Dupre and colleagues from Duke University in Durham, North Carolina looked at the links between aspects of unemployment and the risk for AMI in 13,451 adult Americans aged between 51 and 75 years who took part in the Health and Retirement Study, where participants underwent follow up interviews every two years between 1992 and 2010.
They found several aspects of past and present employment status raised the risk for a cardiovascular event.
“Although the risks for AMI were most significant in the first year after job loss, unemployment status, cumulative number of job losses and cumulative time unemployed were each independently associated with increased risk for AMI,” they write.
Using statistical tools to calculate hazard ratios, the researchers worked out that risk for heart attack was a significant 35% higher among the unemployed compared to those who had not experienced job loss.
The researchers also note that the higher risk for heart attack linked to multiple job loss is on a par with other more traditional risk factors, such as smoking, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Medical News Today
FACTS & FIGURES
The U.S. unemployment rate rose to 7.9 percent in October from 7.8 percent the previous month, the Labor Department reported.
The unemployment rate only measures people who have searched for jobs in September, while millions of other out-of-work Americans aren’t included, according to CNN.
Two-thirds of Americans are dissatisfied with the way things are going in the United States, according to a poll conducted by Gallup.
Most Americans blame high unemployment, the federal budget deficit, rising poverty or some other economic issue as the root of their malaise. LA Times
A study conducted in October amongst people of all generations across the U.S., found that a majority of Americans are unhappy in the workplace – and their bosses are largely to blame. Business Wire
Less than half of U.S. workers employed full- or part-time feel completely satisfied with most of the aspects of their work. Gallup