Russian gas giant Gazprom will have to spend 510 billion rubles ($16.9 billion) upgrading its domestic gas pipeline system for the planned South Stream undersea link to Europe, increasing the overall project’s cost to $39 billion, said executives on Jan. 29.
Russia’s gas export monopoly had previously estimated the cost of South Stream, where pipes go under the Black Sea to bypass Belarus and Ukraine through which Russian gas exports to Europe currently need to travel, at 16 billion euros.
While disputes over gas prices between Russia and Ukraine in the winters of 2006 and 2009 led to stoppages in exports to Europe, which gets over a third of its gas from Russia, a new dispute flared up over the weekend when Ukraine said Gazprom had hit it with a $7 billion bill for alleged arrears under a long-term contract.
Construction of South Stream, with an offshore section stretching 900 kilometers under the Black Sea, began on Dec. 7. The official launch of gas flows is scheduled for late 2015 at an annual pace of 15.75 billion cubic meters (bcm), with full capacity of 63 bcm set to be reached in 2018 when all four parallel lines are set up.
Many analysts have questioned the need for South Stream, saying Gazprom should concentrate on talks with Ukraine, the company’s second-largest customer after Germany.
Citi analysts said South Stream would unlikely reach its planned capacity should there be agreement with Ukraine. “We still doubt the full line will be built. Rather, we think the first, 15 bcm line will be built, but that a deal with Ukraine will obviate the need for the three follow-on lines,” they said in a research note following the Gazprom’s statement.
Gazprom said the bulk of investment in its domestic pipeline, 232 billion rubles, will be spent raising the capacity of a trunk line from Ukhta in northern Russia to Torzhok, 230 kilometers north of Moscow.