French auto sales struggle, production dives

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 Sales of new cars in France rallied slightly in July when French brands did well with new models, but in the first six months of the year output by French carmakers plunged by 20.8 percent, trade data showed.
Overall sales rose by 0.9 percent to 150,248 in July, the CCFA body representing manufacturers said.
But July this year contained one more day than the comparable period last year and if this were stripped out, sales fell by 3.5 percent.
July is an important month for sales since many motorists buy a car before leaving on their summer holidays.
A spokesman for the CCFA said that the July figure marked the first upturn since October 2011.
The French market, in common with many others, was hard hit by the effects of the financial crisis, despite a temporary scheme of government subsidies for people who scrapped an old car to buy a new one.
The CCFA expects the overall French market, which has been falling for months, to shrink by a further 8.0 percent this year.
In the first seven months of the year, sales fell by 9.7 percent before adjustment for seasonal and other factors.
In the first six months the fall was 11.3 percent.
The sector hopes that the worst market conditions are now behind it
French brands account for 55.0 percent of the French market and overall they did better in July than foreign competitors.
The struggling PSA Peugeot Citroen group, which announced this week it had reduced losses and was on the way to recovery, raised its sales by 0.9 percent, and Renault which owns the low-cost Dacia brand, raised sales by 4.7 percent.
An auto analyst at specialist institute Polk, Bertrand Rakoto, said that there was “an undeniable rise of interest in French brands because they had renewed their range.”
But he explained that in order to face “ferocious” competition on the still shrinking French and European markets, the French firms were trying to protect their margins even if this was at the cost of some production volume.
Consequently, production of cars and light commercial vehicles by PSA and Renault together fell by 20.8 percent in the first six months, the CCFA data showed.
The total production figure in terms of vehicles was 758,455.
However, for PSA the fall was 25.1 percent while for Renault it was 11.3 percent.
In 2012, their production overall had fallen by 16.4 percent.
The Polk institute said that after accounting for a Japanese Toyota factory in northern France, and for activities by German Daimler which has a Smart car facility in northeastern France, total output this year would be 1.741 million units but would continue to shrink in the first quarter of next year.
Sales by foreign manufacturers fell by 1.0 percent in July.
Sales by the German firms Volkswagen and Daimler, and US group Ford were notably weak.
But Fiat of Italy and Toyota raised their sales.
In Spain, still in recession amid attempts to correct public finances, sales jumped by 14.8 percent in July, boosted by a cash-for-clunkers government subsidy.
But the Spanish market has shrunk sharply, and in the first six months it has contracted by a further 2.1 percent to 461,382 units.

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