Global mining giant BHP Billiton has posted a first-half net loss of $5.67 billion and slashed dividends as plunging commodity prices hammered the bottom line with the company warning of a prolonged period of volatility.
The result in the six months to December 31, dogged by impairments, compared to a $4.26 billion profit in the previous corresponding period, with revenue dropping 37 percent to $15.71 billion.
Underlying earnings — which exclude one-off writedowns — were down 92 percent to $412 million, reflecting the fate of miners around the world who have been hit by an income slump owing to a global economic slowdown, led by key customer China.
“Slower growth in China and the disruption of OPEC have resulted in lower prices than expected,” said CEO Andrew Mackenzie.
“However, our company remains resilient with assets that generate free cash flow through the cycle and a strong balance sheet.”
BHP’s share price, which has plunged over the past 12 months, ended 2.62 percent higher at Aus$17.63.
“The result overall wasn’t a huge surprise to the market as a cut to its dividend and sluggish earnings were expected,” said CommSec analyst Steven Daghlian in explaining the share price rise.
The Anglo-Australian miner has been hard hit by falling prices for its two main commodities, iron ore and oil, with the company scrapping a long-held pledge to keep dividends steady or rising. It will now ensure a minimum 50 percent payout of underlying profit at every reporting period.
Its rating was downgraded to A from A+ by Standard & Poor’s this month who placed it — along with rival Rio Tinto — on negative credit watch.
At the time, the ratings agency warned BHP it could face another downgrade if it did not abandon its progressive dividend policy, and the interim return to shareholders was slashed to 16 US cents from 62 cents previously.
It follows rivals Glencore, Vale and Rio Tinto adopting similar scenarios.
Like other miners, BHP has been forced to drastically tighten its belt and chairman Jac Nasser warned of an uncertain outlook.
“The changes to the dividend policy reflect the board’s assessment of the outlook for commodities and the increased financial flexibility this demands,” he said.
“While the continued development of emerging economies will underpin longer-term demand growth for commodities, we now believe the period of weaker prices and higher volatility will be prolonged.”
Mackenzie explained that the new dividend policy was “part of a broader strategy to help BHP Billiton manage volatility.”
“We have already responded decisively to the changed conditions,” he said.
“The divestment of $7 billion of assets and the demerger of South32 leaves us with a focused portfolio of large, low-cost, long-life assets in a set of favored commodities.”
BHP announced in January it would book a $7.2 billion pre-tax writedown against the value of its struggling onshore US shale oil and gas assets, as it works to rein in costs and reduce risk.
The hefty writedown equates to $4.9 billion after tax and follows BHP, a major player in the US oil and gas industry, taking a $2.8 billion pre-tax hit on the same assets last year.
It has been a horror six months for BHP, which also dealt with a deadly dam rupture at a mine it co-owns in Brazil that spewed a wall of mud and water that virtually flattening a nearby village, with hundreds of people affected and at least 17 dead.
The Brazilian government is suing Samarco, a joint venture between BHP and Vale, and its owners for $5.2 billion to pay damages to victims and clean up the river basin.
“Discussions on an agreement with the authorities for managing and funding long-term environmental and socio-economic rehabilitation plans are ongoing,” said Mackenzie.