On the 10th October in Russian – Armenian University was organized a video-conference with professor of the New-York University in Abu-Dhabi, world-known sociologist Georgi Derluguian. The topic that was discussed is devoted to Iranian world. During discussion were affected such questions as Iranian-American relations, Iranian ancients in the world-system prospects and the Tajikistan in the system of political Iranian studies.
Iranian Studies, as well as any other area of Area is developing rapidly. In the 21st century the idea of Iranian Studies, in contrast to other border areas on regional studies (Turkology, Arabic studies, Armenology) was much wider. And if before the classical Iranian studies in the scientific context supposed study of the Persian language and culture, for the most part within the competence of historians and philologists, by the present moment a circle of experts in Iranian studies have expanded. Increasingly Iranists called journalists, political scientists, independent experts, historians specializing in the period of modern times. This is not only because of the growing popularity of Iranian studies at the post-Soviet space, but also there is a fact that in most Iranian Studies fully occurs distinction between the classical and political Iranian Studies. This is largely due to the popularization of the modern humanitarian knowledge of political science, and specifically the section on international relations. It is well known that the specialties of international relations for the most part are involved in the preparation of policy analysts specializing in the international and regional political issues. Activities of these analysts, is generally carried out in the native and international (business) English language. However, it would be appropriate to add the fact that political science and regional studies have undergone a change with the transformation of the entire world system after 1991. Iranian-speaking world did not stay out of the process. Iranian-speaking world, as part of the global political system is poorly researched. Iranian world – an area of 2 million 443 sq. M. km with a population of 90 million people. Its capabilities and the ability to influence the world political processes are underestimated and presented in the eyes of the world only in the theses of the anti-terrorist struggle against Islamic fundamentalism and nuclear threat. Permanent conflict potential between Iran and the world political system that lasts since 1979, has largely been generated artificially and spontaneously, and without the involvement of external forces. Iranian world at that time stood at the extreme boundaries and chewed on a new phase in the evolution of their systems and the entry into a new era of bilateral relations. In short from 1979 to 1991, the world has become conventionally “tripolar,” in which Iran has put forward “Islamic fundamentalism” conception as the development alternative which, by its anatomy identical paternalism concept drawn up in the moral – spiritual framework. The war with Iraq, which lasted eight years, had shown not primarily an economic or military power of Iran, but the high spiritual potential of the Iranian people, who, in spite of heavy losses, was able to stop the advance of the Iraqi army, surpassing Iran in numbers and equipment. In the future Iran will show the international community considerable progress in the economy, the military-industrial complex, etc. At the end of 1990 – ies Iranian world, having passed through the test of the “cold war” with one hand, he faced a number of new challenges of the “Cold Peace”, and the other foresaw the prospects of independent development, national revival and a new vector in the system of international integration. Iran is winning the war with Iraq, the Soviet troops leave Afghanistan, Tajikistan received independence, in a number of international problems appear such issues as the creation of new Iranian-speaking countries (Kurdistan), a regional problem of the South Caucasus and the CIS: the emergence in the region of the new state – South Ossetia and its prospects for unification with the North Ossetia. Fighting for the rights of the Iranian-speaking minority in Azerbaijan, the manifestation of interest in Iran as their cultural predecessor from Central Asia, attention to Iran appears not only on the part of Persian heritage – “from the Indus to the Euphrates”, but also from Europe, Latin America and North America.
Tajikistan, as the Iranian-speaking country does not represent a separate interest to the specialists for a long time. And now for the most part in the political researches, Tajikistan is considered in the context of the whole Central Asia. However, the geopolitical situation of Tajikistan is determined by one major factor: it is the only country in Central Asia, where people speak Farsi. What is interesting – the geopolitical position of the Republic is similar to the geopolitical situation of Armenia, where the two republics serve as a barrier against the expansion of radical movements and regimes. If we consider Tajikistan and Armenia in terms of world-system analysis, at the geopolitical level, the two republics from an objective point of view are the periphery of a huge Eurasian structure. On the south side this periphery is formed by Iran and by Russia in the north, as a country – the core of the CIS. In one case, the periphery is a barrier is against Islamic State and other radical groups which try on the basis of the Artsakh conflict to infiltrate on the South Caucasus through Azerbaijan, in another case, the periphery is a barrier against the Taliban and those same radicals united under the name Islamic State through Afghanistan. On this basis can be explained a rapprochement between the two countries, which took place in July 2016 during the visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs of Tajikistan Sirojiddin Aslov in Yerevan. Official statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Tajikistan:
“The conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh should be solved peacefully, Azerbaijan should realize that by force he would never solve the problem of settlement of the Karabakh conflict.” It depicts the particular position of Tajikistan, on the one hand it shows the commitment to the peaceful methods of solving problems, and on the other there in this position is a concreteness, which is referred to Azerbaijan as the aggressor, who started the fighting in April 2016. Also in the context of the Artsakh conflict, Tajik Minister did not mention the fact that the country is committed to a balance in the relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan, what is often referred to the “Great Powers.”
Iran is one of Armenia’s most important neighbors, is seen as the guarantor of stability, creating parity in the region in terms of geopolitical competition with Turkey. But the world did not understand that after the 2016 April events, without major parts of the world system as connecting mechanisms, Titanic and gigantic construction can get in an accident. As described earlier, that Armenia and Tajikistan are the barriers in the way of radical groups. And so if we consider Tajikistan in Iranian Political Studies, it has more serious role in ensuring global security than Iran’s role. Thus, Tajikistan is the second after Iran, Iranian-speaking state, performs the role of a titanic barrier. And in this treatment, Tajikistan is in the first place, as opposed element to the Afghan republic still retains full function of an independent state and is not built into the English-language category of failed-state. The researchers will have a new reason to study a military and political potential of the Iranian-speaking Tajik Republic, and analyze how the existence Tajik State complexly effects on the general security in Central Asia. In general, study capabilities of the Armenian-Iranian bastion on the way of the world’s enemies to the North. Here and reveals a paradox of history that neither NATO nor any other unit is not capable of stopping a terrorist enclave war, in contrast to the national armies of small countries, which are perceived as a buffer. Thus, Dushanbe and Yerevan – the two control points or points plexus 40 parallels along which the Yerevan, Rome, Stepanakert, Dushanbe, Sofia, Madrid, Beijing and Peninsula of Hokkaido. Thus thi is a geographical area, which was once in the parity between the socialist and the capitalist system. What is required now from the Core? It is necessary to support and strengthen these points plexus by all means, then the situation in this geopolitical parallels go for the better for the countries of the Core, and if not, the giant Eurasian design will wait a geopolitical dismemberment, which likely will strengthen the traditional regional powers (Turkey) and the weakening of the traditional great powers, both economic (China) and the ideological and political degree (Iran). Also is relevant to give an example which shows that the periphery does serve as a barrier against penetration of pulses of the other empires.
In Istanbul’s Topkapi Palace there are two pavilions – Yerevan and Baghdad. Why them? Precisely because Baghdad and Yerevan, mostly mountain and desert terrains, for a long time served as an obstacle to the Ottomans to conquer Iran. That’s why in the end of 20th century was organized an american intervetion to Iraq. Yerevan is still staying as a bastion. And in modern times on the way to conquer the centre of Iranian civilization has arisen and the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe. After the fall of Dushanbe will fall and Afghanistan and from Afghanistan e strengthened radicalsl rapidly will penetrate into Iran that will change the political configuration. And as described above will be strengthenned the traditional regional powers.
Arsen Gevorgyan, a graduate student of the Russian Academy of the Public Administration (Voronezh city), an intern of the department of international relations and world politics of the Russian Armenian University.