The move comes weeks after Moscow ordered the United States to shrink its diplomatic mission in Russia. The US had already cut its visa services in Russia.
The US State Department asked Russia to close two annex buildings in Washington, D.C. and New York City, in addition to its San Francisco consulate.
“We believe this action was unwarranted and detrimental to the overall relationship between our countries,” State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said in a statement on Thursday, referring to Moscow’s move earlier in the month.
The State Department said the closures will need to be complete by September 2.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov expressed “regret at the escalation of tensions” during a phone call with his US counterpart Rex Tillerson, according to the Russian foreign ministry.
“Moscow will closely study the new measures announced by the Americans, after which our reaction will be conveyed,” it said in a statement.
Last month, the Kremlin ordered the US to slash its diplomatic work-force in Russia by nearly two-thirds to 455, the same figure that Moscow has in the US. This followed a vote by the US Congress to ramp up sanctions against Russia for its interferences in the 2016 presidential elections.
The US embassy in Moscow responded by a dramatic reduction in its visa services.
‘Spirit of parity’
The State Department said Thursday’s decision was made “in the spirit of parity invoked by the Russians.”
Both the US and Russia have three consulates in each other’s respective countries.
“The United States hopes that, having moved toward the Russian Federation’s desire for parity, we can avoid further retaliatory actions by both sides and move forward to achieve the stated goal of both of our presidents,” the State Department said.
The US has told Russia that it would not expel any diplomats, news agency Associated Press reported, quoting an anonymous senior American official.
Russian diplomats at three affected facilities can be reassigned to other Russian consulates or posts in the United States, it said.
The Russian consulate in San Francisco is responsible for the West Coast, plus several additional states in the western US. The other three Russian consulates are in New York, Seattle and Houston.
ap/kms (Reuters, AP, dpa)