The US, UK and France have bombed multiple government targets in Syria in an early morning operation targeting alleged chemical weapons sites.
The strikes are in response to a suspected chemical attack on the Syrian town of Douma last week.
“A combined operation with the armed forces of France and the United Kingdom is now underway,” President Trump said in an address to the nation.
Explosions were reported near the Syrian capital Damascus.
At a Pentagon briefing, Gen Joseph Dunford listed three targets that had been struck:
- A scientific research facility in Damascus, allegedly connected to the production chemical and biological weapons
- A chemical weapons storage facility west of Homs
- A chemical weapons equipment storage and an important command post, also near Homs
Syrian state television said government forces had shot down more than a dozen missiles.
The government’s main ally, Russia, issued a statement through its US ambassador, saying “such actions will not be left without consequences”.
Statement by the Ambassador Antonov on the strikes on #Syria:
A pre-designed scenario is being implemented. Again, we are being threatened. We warned that such actions will not be left without consequences.
All responsibility for them rests with Washington, London and Paris. pic.twitter.com/QEmWEffUzx
— Russia in USA ?? (@RusEmbUSA) April 14, 2018
End of Twitter post by @RusEmbUSA
Gen Dunford said the US had specifically identified targets that would “mitigate” the risk of Russian casualties. But the Pentagon said that Russia had not been given advance notice of the targets.
US Secretary of Defence James Mattis told reporters there were no reports of US losses in the operation.
“Right now, this is a one-time shot, and I believe it has sent a very strong message,” he said, saying the first wave of strikes was over.
President Trump had earlier said: “We are prepared to sustain this response until the Syrian regime stops its use of prohibited chemical agents.”
— Riam Dalati (@Dalatrm) April 14, 2018
End of Twitter post by @Dalatrm
UK Prime Minister Theresa May confirmed British involvement, saying there was “no practicable alternative to the use of force”.
But she also said the strikes were not about “regime change”.
UK strikes carried out by four Tornado jets hit the second target mentioned by Gen Dunford, a military site near the city of Homs which is believed to have housed precursor materials for chemical weapons, the ministry of defence said.
French President Emmanuel Macron also confirmed his country’s participation in the operation.
“Dozens of men, women and children were massacred with chemical weapons,” he said of the Douma incident a week ago – adding that “the red line had been crossed”.
Analysis: Will this time be different?
Jonathan Marcus, defence correspondent
This attack was more significant than the US strike against a Syrian air base a little over a year ago, but at first sight seems more limited than President Trump’s rhetoric may have suggested.
Last year some 59 missiles were fired. This time a little over double that number were used.
The strikes are over for now, but there was a clear warning that if the Assad regime resorts to chemical weapons again then further strikes may well follow.
Care was taken, say the Americans, to avoid both Syrian and “foreign” – for that read Russian – casualties.
But the fundamental questions remain. Will President Assad be deterred?
Last year’s US strike failed to change his behaviour. This time, will it be any different?
The strikes were ordered “on targets associated with the chemical weapons capabilities” of the Syrian government, Mr Trump said.
The US president said the purpose was “to establish a strong deterrent against the production, spread and use of chemical weapons”.
“These are not the actions of a man, they are the crimes of a monster instead,” he said of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
Syria has denied carrying out the Douma attack and its ally, Russia, had warned that Western military strikes would risk starting a war.
A US official told Reuters news agency that Tomahawk cruise missiles were being used against multiple locations in Syria.
Reuters also quoted a witness in Damascus as saying “at least six loud explosions” were heard in the capital.
Secretary Mattis also said the scale of the strikes was about “double” what was launched in April 2017 after a chemical attack on the town of Khan Sheikhoun that killed more than 80 people.
British-based monitoring group the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said strikes had hit the Syrian Scientific Research Facility in the capital, along with several military sites.