YEREVAN, February 22. /ARKA/. About 90% of respondents of a survey conducted by the Transparency International Anti-Corruption Center in Armenia said corruption was a serious problem, while 81% said it needs to be eradicated. These figures were announced today by the Executive Director of the Transparency International Anti-Corruption Center in Armenia Sona Ayvazyan.
The survey, conducted in November and December 2019, involved 1,500 respondents over 18 years throughout Armenia. The respondents were asked as many as 80 questions. According to Sona Ayvazyan, the margin of error is 2.5%.
“Despite the general awareness of corruption, many of the respondents said it is manifested in such ways as giving flowers or gifts to school teachers, donations made to social funds, or gifts given to hospital doctors as a thank you,” she said.
According to the findings of the survey, the bulk of respondents think that the main causes of corruption are a desire to speed up some procedures (26.7%), the absence of a legal way to solve a problem (16.1%), and the desire to spend less than what is prescribed by law (14.4%).
According to the survey’s findings, the most corrupt government agencies are courts (49% of respondents) and the Office of Prosecutor General (43%). Two-thirds of those surveyed named also health sector as very corrupt. Some 75% of the respondents said the most non-corrupt officials are Prime Minister (75%) and the President (57%) and their administrations. Utilities providing companies were also named as non-corrupt.
“Only 7.8% of the respondents believe that there is no corruption now, while 36% believe that there is corruption in some areas. Most of the respondents believe that the scale of corruption has reduced. At the same time, 43% of respondents consider middle-level officials to be corrupt, 26% – the lowest level and 16% – the highest,” said Ayvazyan.
The main causes of corruption in the public sector, according to the respondents are unsuccessful staff appointments (26.4%), pressure from the previous authorities or sabotage of their representatives (14.4%) and lack of experience (14%).
As Ayvazyan noted, in case of corruption, 19.3% of respondents said they would report it to the police, 10.9% to the prime minister’s office, and 5% to the human rights defender.
Only 16% of the survey participants were aware of the anti-corruption strategy of the government designed for 2019-2022, and 94.3% were not aware of anti-corruption programs and organizations.