Armenia and Azerbaijan have agreed to three ceasefire deals over the past month (two mediated by Russia, and one by the United States), but all of them fell through, as Baku and Yerevan accused each other of violating the agreements and continuing the attacks in Karabakh mere hours after the truces entered into force.
Military clashes began in Nagorno-Karabakh on 27 September, with Azerbaijan and Armenia accusing each other of carrying out provocations on the line of contact. Baku has declared partial mobilisation, while Armenia and the unrecognised republic of Nagorno-Karabakh announced full mobilisation. The heads of Russia, the US, and France urged the sides to resume talks without preconditions, while Turkey pledged to support Azerbaijan “both in negotiations and in combat”.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict erupted in the late 1980s, with the predominantly Armenian-populated autonomous region later announcing plans to join Armenia and proclaiming its independence from Azerbaijan. As a result, Baku and Yerevan waged a full-scale war for the area between 1992 and 1994 that left 40,000 troops and civilians from both sides dead.
A ceasefire mediated by the OSCE Minsk Group was signed in 1994, but the conflict remained frozen, and the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic still continues to be an unrecognised state.