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image captionThe category five storm crossed over Nicaragua’s eastern coast on Monday evening
Hurricane Iota has made landfall in Nicaragua two weeks after another devastating storm hit.
The US National Hurricane Center (NHC) said the storm crossed the coast on Monday evening.
It had strengthened at sea to a category five storm before making landfall, with maximum sustained winds of up to 160mph (260km/h).
As it struck Nicaragua it weakened to a category four, but the NHC said it remains “extremely dangerous”.
The agency warned of “catastrophic winds, [a] life-threatening storm surge, and torrential rainfall” in its latest update.
Iota is the strongest Atlantic hurricane of the year and only the second November hurricane to reach category five – the last was in 1932.
“What’s drawing closer is a bomb,” President Juan Orlando Hernández of neighbouring Honduras said at an earlier press conference.
Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua have evacuated residents living in low-lying areas and near rivers in the Atlantic coastal region which Iota is expected to hit.
The effect of the rains could be particularly devastating in areas already drenched by Hurricane Eta two weeks ago. The NHC says Iota made landfall just 15 miles south of where that storm hit the coast on 3 November.
Eta left at least 200 people dead. The worst-hit area was Guatemala’s central Alta Verapaz region, where mudslides buried dozens of homes in the village of Quejá, with some 100 people feared dead.
At least 50 deaths were reported elsewhere in Guatemala.