According to the state-run Anadolu Agency’s report compiled from Turkish State Meteorological Service’s data, the average temperature in Turkey throughout 2020 was 14.9 degrees Celsius, which is 1.4 degrees Celsius more than 2019’s average.
“The year 2020 was the third hottest year since 1971,” the state-run Anadolu Agency said, adding that the average temperature was below seasonal norms only in April last year.
The hottest temperature anomaly was observed in September and October 2020, with a 3.4 and 3.2 degree Celsius difference, respectively. Both were the hottest months ever recorded in the last 50 years, according to the report.
The year experienced a lack of precipitation throughout. Out of Turkey’s all 81 provinces, 71 of them experienced around 13 percent less precipitation compared to previous years in 2020.
February, March, May and June were the only months where rainfall and snow were above seasonal norms.
Due to climate change, Turkey witnessed 984 extreme weather incidents in 2020, the highest number of all time.
“Among these, some 30 percent were flood incidents, 27 percent were storm incidents and 23 percent were hail incidents,” the report said.
The rest of the extreme events recorded were of lightninging with 7 percent, snow with 5 percent, landslide and frost with 2 percent and avalanches, sandstorms and fog with 1 percent.
Last year in February, two avalanches happened in the eastern province of Van’s Bahçesaray district. Many lives were lost in floods that occurred in the northwestern province of Bursa and in the Black Sea province of Giresun in June and August 2020, respectively. Two people got killed due to lightning strikes in the Black Sea province of Gümüşhane last September, and a harsh sandstorm disrupted daily life in the capital Ankara.
Hurriyet Daily News