The presidents of Turkey and Russia, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Vladimir Putin, have issued a joint call on all parties to stop hostilities as of Jan. 12 after a bilateral meeting in Istanbul on Jan. 8.
Erdoğan and Putin released a joint statement after their meeting citing their shared views on the latest developments in the Middle East, Syria and Libya.
“Under the current critical circumstances and in the light of the objectives set forth in the relevant UN Security Council resolutions, we have decided to take the initiative and, as intermediaries, call on all parties in Libya to stop hostilities as of 00.00 hours on 12 January, declare a sustainable ceasefire, supported by the necessary measures to be taken for stabilizing the situation on the ground and normalizing daily life in Tripoli and other cities, and immediately come together around a negotiating table with a view to putting an end to the sufferings of the Libyan people and bring back peace and prosperity to the country,” read the statement.
“We are confident that the Libyans can independently decide on the future of their homeland in the framework of a nation-wide dialogue taking into account the interests of all its citizens without exception,” it said.
The two leaders expressed their support to Germany-led Berlin Process which aims to create a conducive atmosphere to revitalize the UN-facilitated political process.
On Syria, the two presidents underscored the importance of keeping territorial integrity of the war-torn country and the support for the political efforts for a breakthrough.
“We underscore the necessity to establish calm in the Idlib de-escalation area by fully implementing all agreements on Idlib. We commit to work within the Astana Mechanism towards finding a lasting political solution in line with UN Security Council Resolution 2254, and to support the Constitutional Committee. We emphasize the need to increase humanitarian assistance to all Syrians without discrimination, politicization and preconditions,” it added.
High Council of State welcomes ceasefire call
Libya’s High Council of State welcomed on Jan. 8 a ceasefire call by Turkey and Russia.
“The statements by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Russian President Vladimir Putin regarding the Libyan crisis and attack against the capital are welcomed by the High Council,” it said in a statement.
The High Council of State, which advises the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA), said it will support all kinds of initiatives that address the welfare of Libyans and are aimed at ending the war.
The statement also noted that any call for dialogue should remain tied to the Libyan Political Agreement signed in the city of Suheyrat in Morocco.
Turkey calls on parties in Libya to return to positions of last year
Turkey mainly cares for the immediate end of clashes and the announcement of a cease-fire in Libya, presidential spokesperson İbrahim Kalın has said, calling on the parties in the country to return the positions they were in last year in April.
“In Libya, our priority is to stop the clashes as soon as possible, the declaration of a cease-fire and all parties, particularly [General Khalifa] Haftar, to return to their positions of April,” Kalın said after a cabinet meeting on late Jan. 7.
“The Haftar side, which violates the agreement between Tripoli and Benghazi that was signed in April, continues its attacks recklessly. If this is not stopped, a political process in Libya will not be possible and more blood will be shed,” he said.
When the parties withdraw to those positions, the political process will be opened, the Libyan summit planned in Berlin will have the opportunity and possibility to get results, he noted.
Last week Turkey’s parliament passed a motion allowing it to send troops as military aid to Libya’s U.N.-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA), which has been besieged by the forces of Haftar, a warlord based in eastern Libya.
Separately, Ankara and Tripoli’s GNA signed two separate pacts: One on military cooperation and the other on maritime boundaries of countries in eastern Mediterranean.
Kalın also criticized the global community for not condemning attacks by Haftar.
“Haftar gets away with any kind of attack in Libya, the international community even does not condemn [him],” he said.
‘Turkey not seeking role of mediator in US-Iran row’
On the heightened tensions between the U.S. and Iran, Kalın said Turkey is not seeking the role of mediator between the two countries.
“At this point, we [Turkey] does not have any expectation, demand, or claim to be a mediator. Turkey is among a couple of countries that can talk to both the U.S. and Iran, maybe [it is] the most important one,” he said.
Kalın’s remarks came before Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) launched missiles to the Ain al-Asad airbase in Iraq, a facility jointly operated by U.S. and Iraqi forces.
He also said Turkey will continue reiterating its call for acting with common sense and calm amid the U.S.-Iran tension.
Qasim Soleimani, commander of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps’ elite Quds Forces, and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, vice president of the Hashd al-Shaabi group, or Popular Mobilization Units (PMU), were assassinated in a U.S. drone strike on Jan. 3 in Baghdad.
Soleimani’s slaying marked a dramatic escalation in tensions between the U.S. and Iran, which have often been at a fever pitch since U.S. President Donald Trump chose in 2018 to unilaterally withdraw Washington from nuclear pact world power struck with Tehran.
Iran promised to take revenge for the killing of Soleimani and announced Sunday that it would stop complying with the 2015 nuclear deal. Trump has since threatened to target cultural sites in Iran.
Hurriyet Daily News