In an unusually public airing of grievances, the prime minister and the catholicos have traded barbs over politics and corruption.
The conflict first came to the public’s attention when Catholicos Karekin II, in an April 14 interview, said that ex-President Robert Kocharyan should be released during the COVID-19 pandemic to protect him from the virus.
Kocharyan has been in prison for almost two years awaiting trial for his government’s violent response to protests in 2008, known popularly as the “March 1 events.” During those events, the current prime minister, Nikol Pashinyan, was arrested and spent almost two years behind bars.
Within hours of the church leader’s comment, Pashinyan’s spokeswoman responded by tying a church official to the March 1 events. She reminded reporters that Father Vahram Melikyan, a spokesperson at the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, the headquarters of the Armenian Apostolic Church, last year had offered his personal guarantee that a businessman who had been detained in the March 1 case would return to stand trial after seeking medical treatment abroad. The businessman did not return.
The next day, April 15, the standoff escalated further when the National Security Service, the successor agency to the Soviet-era KGB, brought fraud and money laundering charges against Archbishop Navasard Kchoyan relating to a loan for an African diamond mine back in 2012.
Deputy Speaker of Parliament Alen Simonyan, a Pashinyan ally, said the church has the order of events backwards, that the investigation into Kchoyan was opened the day before the catholicos mentioned Kocharyan’s imprisonment – the implication being that the catholicos was responding in an underhanded fashion to an investigation into a key ally.
On April 20, opposition parliamentarian Naira Zohrabyan appeared to call for a truce, telling journalists that Karekin could only have been addressing the courts, not the Pashinyan government, because only a court could free someone from prison. “As for the dirty, low-level campaign that has started against the Armenian Apostolic Church, I consider it simply disruptive,” she added.
Yet later that day Pashinyan escalated the standoff further. In a Facebook live chat, Pashinyan claimed that his government has caused “grave disappointment” to the clergy because his policies have revealed a “lack of spiritual life in Armenia.”
A church spokesman on April 21 said the Holy See disagreed, but that it would not comment further for now, as the country prepares to mark the 105th anniversary of the start of the Armenian genocide.
Ani Mejlumyan is a reporter based in Yerevan.