People who lost their jobs wait in line to file for unemployment benefits, following an outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), at Arkansas Workforce Center in Fort Smith, Arkansas, U.S. April 6, 2020. REUTERS/Nick Oxford/File Photo
- Weekly jobless claims increase 51,000 to 419,000
- Continuing claims drop 29,000 to 3.236 million
WASHINGTON, July 22 (Reuters) – The number of Americans filing new claims for jobless benefits rose to a two-month high last week, a reminder that the labor market was far from being out of the woods as the nation confronts a resurgence in new COVID-19 infections.
Still, the weekly jobless claims report from the Labor Department on Thursday, showed more people are returning to work, a trend that bodes well for July’s employment report.
“The rise in jobless claims this week tells us that the labor market’s troubles are not completely behind us and the Delta variant may yet throw a monkey wrench into the economic recovery from the shortest recession in American history,” said Christopher Rupkey, chief economist at FWDBONDS in New York.
Initial claims for state unemployment benefits increased 51,000 to a seasonally adjusted 419,000 for the week ended July 17, the highest level since mid-May. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast 350,000 applications for the latest week.
There were increases in filings in California, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri and Texas. Some of these states have experienced a surge in new coronavirus cases.
Though economists do not expect large-scale business shutdowns, the latest wave of infections poses a risk to the economy, which experienced a sharp two-month recession in 2020 due to the pandemic.
The National Bureau of Economic Research’s business cycle dating committee declared on Monday that the recession, which started in February 2020, ended in April 2020.
Some of the rise in claims likely reflects difficulties smoothing the data for seasonal fluctuations following the upheaval from the pandemic. In normal years, layoffs are usually expected to decline in the second half of July. Before the pandemic, summer factory closures were the norm in early July, especially in the automobile industry.
Claims have declined from a record 6.149 million in early April 2020, but they remain above the 200,000-250,000 range that is seen as consistent with healthy labor market conditions.
U.S. stocks opened mixed after the data. The dollar (.DXY) fell against a basket of currencies. Prices of shorter-dated U.S. Treasuries were higher.
JOBLESS ROLLS SHRINKING
Last week’s claims data covered the period in which the government surveyed business establishments for the nonfarm payrolls component of July’s employment report. Claims were little changed between the June and July survey periods.
The economy created 850,000 jobs in June after adding 583,000 in May. Employment is 6.8 million jobs below its peak in February 2020. Claims data have been muddied by the federal government’s expansion of benefits to people who do not qualify for the regular state programs. People have to apply for state programs to determine eligibility for federal benefits.
But people are returning back to work. The claims report showed the number of people continuing to receive benefits after an initial week of aid dropped 29,000 to 3.236 million during the week ended July 10.
The so-called continuing claims, which are reported with a one-week lag, have been falling since late June, and data next week will offer more clues on how hiring fared in July.
At least 20 states led by Republican governors have pulled out of federal government-funded unemployment programs, including a $300 weekly payment, which businesses claimed were encouraging unemployed Americans to stay at home.
There were a record 9.2 million job openings at the end of May. About 9.5 million people are officially unemployed.
Evidence is mixed on whether the early termination of federal benefits, which started on June 12 and will run through July 31, is encouraging job searches. The expanded benefits will lapse on Sept. 6 for the rest of the country.
Continuing claims have decreased in some states that have terminated federal benefits as well as in those that remain on the programs. They have also risen in some states, including Texas, that have prematurely ended expanded benefits.
At least 12,6 million people were receiving benefits under all programs in early July, down 1.263 million from late June.
Reporting by Lucia Mutikani Editing by Paul Simao
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