Israel will reject Lebanon’s amendments to a U.S.-drafted proposal on resolving a long-running maritime border dispute over gas-rich waters off the Lebanese and Israeli coasts.
A draft agreement floated by U.S. envoy Amos Hochstein aims to settle competing claims over offshore gas fields and was delivered to Lebanese and Israeli officials at the weekend, following years of indirect negotiations.
Israel had welcomed the terms set out by Hochstein and said they would be subjected to legal review, but gave no indication it sought substantive changes.
Lebanon presented its response to Washington’s proposal on Tuesday.
A senior Israeli official, speaking on condition of anonymity, told AFP that Israel had received the Lebanese response to the meditator’s proposal for an agreement.
“Prime Minister Yair Lapid was updated on the details of the substantial changes Lebanon is seeking to make in the agreement and instructed the negotiating team to reject them,” the official said.
“Israel will not compromise on its security and economic interests, even if that means that there will be no agreement soon,” the official added.
– Threats –
Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikati said earlier this week that the U.S. proposal was “on the right track to assert Lebanon’s rights over all its waters.”
Washington’s terms were also welcomed by Iran-backed Hezbollah, a major player in Lebanon that considers Israel its arch-enemy.
A Lebanese official involved in the negotiations said Tuesday that Beirut’s response to Hochstein’s draft includes “amendments of specific sentences so that there is no room for misunderstanding.”
Israel and Lebanon reopened negotiations on their maritime border in 2020, but the process was stalled by Lebanon’s demand that the map used by the United Nations in the talks be modified.
According to Israel, the U.S. proposal gives Israel full control of the Karish field, which Lapid has maintained falls entirely within Israeli territory and was never a subject of negotiation.
The Israeli official on Thursday underscored that Israel is not negotiating with Lebanon over Karish and “will produce gas from the Karish rig as soon as it is possible to do so.”
Hezbollah had threatened attacks after Israel moved a production vessel near the Karish field.
“If Hezbollah or anyone else tries to damage the Karish rig or threaten us — the negotiations on the maritime line will stop immediately and (Hezbollah chief Sayyed) Hassan Nasrallah will need to explain to the citizens of Lebanon why they don’t have a gas rig for the benefit of their economic future,” the official added on Thursday.