A model of the natural gas pipeline is seen in front of displayed word EU and Russia flag colours in this illustration taken March 8, 2022. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration
OSLO/LONDON, April 4 (Reuters) – Russia maintained gas flows through key pipeline routes into Europe on Monday, despite uncertainty over payment terms and as the EU said it would “significantly tighten” further sanctions against Moscow amid allegations of war crimes in Ukraine.
Physical gas flows through the Yamal-Europe pipeline, at Germany’s Mallnow border point see-sawed over the weekend and last stood at zero, data from operator Gascade showed.
Auction results showed gas giant Gazprom (GAZP.MM) booked some upcoming westbound gas transit capacity via Yamal.
It booked 4.9 million kilowatt-hours per hour (kWh/h) for Monday night and 1.4 million kWh/h for Tuesday.
The actual flows are not guaranteed because Gazprom does not always use booked capacity.
Nominations, or requests, for Russian gas deliveries via Slovakia’s Velke Kapusany entry point from Ukraine were steady on Monday at 967,954 MWh/day, as were flows through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to Germany at 73,426,240 kWh/h.
Russian state-owned energy giant Gazprom (GAZP.MM) said it was continuing to supply natural gas to Europe via Ukraine in line with requests from European consumers.
However, questions remained over future deliveries in light of the Kremlin’s demand that buyers start paying Gazprom in roubles.
The discovery of a mass grave and civilians shot dead at close range in the Ukrainian city of Bucha outside Kyiv, from which Russian forces recently withdrew, has spurred calls for tougher sanctions on Russia.
Russia has previously denied targeting civilians and has rejected allegations of war crimes in what it calls a “special military operation”. Moscow claims the killings near Kyiv were “staged” to sully Russia’s name.
German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock said on Monday the European Union will “significantly tighten” its sanctions against Russia.
Christian Lindner, German Finance Minister said, the EU must work towards cutting all economic ties with Russia over its “criminal” war in Ukraine but said an encompassing ban on all Russian energy imports would inflict more economic damage on EU member states than on Russia.
He said the EU must look separately at the possibility of banning oil, coal or gas, which can be replaced at varying speeds.
Germany also on Monday placed Gazprom’s German subsidiary Gazprom Germania under state control, a move it said was necessary to ensure security of supply in the country after Gazprom last week said it was exiting the business.
France’s economic analysis council said a hefty EU-wide tariff on Russian energy imports could prove more efficient than an outright ban, although even a full embargo would have a limited impact on most countries.
The Conseil d’Analyse Economique said that a full energy ban could on average cause a loss of gross national income of 0.2-0.3%, working out to 100 euros ($110) per adult.
Italy, which is also heavily reliant on Russian gas, said it will not veto sanctions on Russian gas imports and said it has sufficient reserves to forego Russian gas supply over the next few months.
Reporting by Nora Buli, Nina Chestney and Susanna Twidale; editing by Kirsten Donovan, Bernadette Baum and David Evans
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